Session NumberSession TitleSession DescriptionTrackTime SlotStart TimeEnd TimeRoom / LocationSession Speaker(s)Session Chair(s)CEU InformationCEU CreditsExperience LevelLearning Objective 1Learning Objective 2Learning Objective 3Learning Objective 4Path With Node IDPathEvalauation Link
NYC20-108Retrofit for Tomorrow: Meet the Danish FrontrunnersTo accelerate deep energy efficiency retrofits, cities need better collaboration and international knowledge exchange. Strict building codes, energy labeling, and an innovative retrofit industry have made Denmark a world leader in energy efficiency. The historic CLCPA and LL97 climate laws put NYS and NYC at the forefront of the building retrofit industry. During this session, Danish and American specialists will exchange ideas on how to leverage building retrofits and public-private partnerships to support economic development and innovation. Through a series of fireside chats and case study presentations, the speakers will discuss topics such as the differences between doing business in Denmark versus New York, how to overcome the barriers of retrofitting buildings, and strategies to maximize the performance and benefits while minimizing costs.BENYC20 Sessions9/24/2020 9:00-AM9/24/2020 10:00-AMHossein Rezai-Jorabi , Katie MacDonald , Mille Munksgaard , Anne Svendsen , Mirella Vitale Ann Goodman , Monica Ridgway AIA 1.0 LU1 (no prior experience/knowledge needed)Apply lessons from Denmark to retrofit projects in New York StateEvaluate the full spectrum of energy efficiency retrofit project costs and benefits via case studies that showcase the ‘Danish model’ of project developmentCarry out cross-sector, multi-stakeholder collaboration for driving innovation and sustainable buildingsIdentify opportunities to lower project costs and employ innovative financing mechanisms and business models
NYC20-110Dual Temperature Buildings: High Carbon & Energy Users, Leveraging Capital Upgrades for the LL97 ParadigmDual temperature buildings utilize a hydronic loop for both heating and cooling and typically rely on steam boilers or utility steam and steam-fed chillers. These buildings typically use at least 20% higher energy use indexes (EUIs) with 15% higher carbon emissions than similar buildings that lack central cooling. Dual temperature buildings will need a capital plan for complying with LL97, which requires 88% reduction of carbon emissions through 2050. We will present case studies that showcase best practices and HVAC design considerations, carbon, energy, and cost savings data, and construction hurdles and outcomes. Our presentation provides a framework to make sustainable and cost-effective decisions when investing in carbon-reduction upgrades to dual-temperature buildings under the lens of LL97 and its carbon-reduction goals.BENYC20 Sessions9/24/2020 9:00-AM9/24/2020 10:00-AMAmalia Cuadra , Doug Weinstein Jim Koontz AIA 1.0 LU/HSW BPI 1.0 hour GBCI BD+C, ID+C 1.0 hour2 (some prior experience/knowledge helpful)Attendees will be able to speak to the energy and carbon impact that dual temperature buildings have in NYC.Attendees will be able to persuade decision-makers to undertake carbon and energy reduction upgrades that align with the goals of LL97.Attendees will be able to facilitate and lead discussions within their own organizations regarding pros and cons of various heating and cooling plant upgrades.Attendees will have a framework with which to make better, more cost-effective decisions when deciding which type of carbon-reduction upgrades to implement.
NYC20-119Insulating the Future: Reducing Embodied & Operational Carbon with Next-Generation All-Wood InsulationInsulation products are unique among construction materials, because their essential function is to reduce the operational space heating and cooling energy demands of buildings. However, 90 percent of the insulation currently available on the market consists of plastic foam, fiberglass or mineral wool, which are non-recyclable and made from the very fossil fuel resources they are intended to conserve. Innovative, renewable and cost-effective insulation products are now entering the market. This session will explore the next generation of insulation made from wood fiber, including how it is made, its performance characteristics, life cycle benefits and construction applications.BENYC20 Sessions9/24/2020 9:00-AM9/24/2020 10:00-AMMatthew O'Malia Tristan Grant , Nick Shaw AIA 1.0 LU/HSW BPI 1.0 hour GBCI BD+C, ID+C, WELL 1.0 hour1 (no prior experience/knowledge needed)Understand existing insulation products available on the market and understand how they are manufactured and how they perform from a thermal and moisture management standpoint Understand current building codes relative to the required energy performance in various climate zones, moisture management in wall assemblies and the allowable insulation options based on fire codeUnderstand how Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is used to determine the CO2eq footprint of the various insulation products on the market and determine the relative climate impact of each of the optionsUnderstand the carbon footprint of various insulation products in a full building LCA model to understand the impact the insulation choice has on a building’s carbon footprint for code compliant and passive house construction
NYC20-104C-PACE as a Financing Tool for Deep Energy Retrofits to Comply with Local Law 97Recent legislation passed by the New York City Council (Local Law 97) is putting tremendously strict new requirements on commercial buildings (including non-rent controlled multifamily) to reduce energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. Commercial Property Assessed Clean Energy (C-PACE) was adopted by the City simultaneously (Local Law 96) to act as a “carrot” for property owners to have a source of funds available to make the necessary capital improvements to meet these requirements. The City is expected to launch its C-PACE program in H2 2020. (More info on the C-PACE ordinance here:  In this sessions we will help attendees understand what C-PACE is, its benefits, and how it can be utilized to provide upfront capital for energy efficiency projects in order to comply with Local Law 97.BENYC20 Sessions9/24/2020 9:00-AM9/24/2020 10:00-AMMike Doty , Fred Lee , Robert Sedaghatpour Jennifer Leone AIA 1.0 LU1 (no prior experience/knowledge needed)Summarize Local Law 97 and what it means for you Describe C-PACE and how it worksApply for and access financing to complete these required energy efficient improvementsUse recommended means to finance their energy efficiency projects as required by Local Law 97
NYC20-113Multifamily Ventilation: A Tale of Two CitiesCentral ventilation systems in multifamily buildings are a critical health and safety system, with significant energy and carbon ramifications. Through case studies, this session will highlight how poorly performing systems can contribute to the spread of COVID-19 and other airborne issues leading to poor indoor air quality and increased emissions caused by increased energy-use. Presenters will compare different types of ventilation systems that are prevalent in the building stock of New York City and Boston, while exploring techniques for restoring and improving them. Attendees will learn how to evaluate ventilation systems and develop corrective action plans to achieve results based on optimizing energy savings, complying with financing-related and building owner requirements, and how to get the work done properly while avoiding common problems.BENYC20 Sessions9/24/2020 10:30-AM9/24/2020 12:00-PMAmalia Cuadra , Thomas Holmes , John Twomey Jon Hacker AIA 1.5 LU/HSW BPI 1.5 hours GBCI BD+C, ID+C, O+M, WELL 1.5 hours2 (some prior experience/knowledge helpful)Describe how central ventilation systems work and the factors that influence their performanceIdentify good candidates for ventilation system improvementsCompare improved ventilation system performance with the energy and carbon implicationsEvaluate ventilation systems so that the building performance objectives can be achieved and sustained
NYC20-114Behind the Meter: The Challenges & Opportunities of Solar & Storage in NYC’s Multifamily BuildingsWhile there is growing adoption of solar and energy storage systems in the US as a whole, there are still significant and unique challenges that are preventing New York City from achieving widespread implementation. The city is held back by numerous regulations, metering arrangements, complex carbon accounting, and a litany of other design constraints. This session will explore the nuanced challenges of scaling solar and energy storage deployment in multifamily buildings in New York City, and it will focus on strategic opportunities for building owners, developers, manufacturers, and renewable energy advocates. This panel will bring together a wide range of experts who will speak to their direct experience in implementing solar and storage projects in NYC, including roadblocks and how these obstacles can be overcome.BENYC20 Sessions9/24/2020 10:30-AM9/24/2020 12:00-PMDonnel Baird , Elihu Dietz , Sarah Moon , Nicholas Petrakis , Angelica Ramdhari Elihu Dietz , Angelica Ramdhari AIA 1.5 LU/HSW2 (some prior experience/knowledge helpful)Recognize the solar and storage deployment challenges with technology, regulation, and financing Explore tangible next steps needed to scale installations in NYCSupport creative solutions to overcome barriers to solar and storage adoption Evaluate the feasibility of solar and storage projects
NYC20-117Nature Knows: Diversity in Practice Diversity in a natural ecosystem – plants, animals, insects, microbes – is essential for long-term systemic health. Nature’s principle of “strength through diversity” can apply to us professionally – our business practices, our colleagues and the talents they bring, and the designs we create in our work, from planning neighborhood resiliency against seawater surges all the way through to details like thermostat controls in a multifamily retrofit project. In this interactive session, we’ll touch on Nature’s lessons on diversity and then look at strategies related to our work at levels from talent growth to building design. Each participant will also define and explore one way to increase diversity and its value in their company or organization and, to extend the learning beyond the conference, can request a follow-up conversation with speaker Jodi Smits Anderson.BENYC20 Sessions9/24/2020 10:30-AM9/24/2020 12:00-PMJodi Smits Anderson Dorit Ziv AIA 1.5 LU2 (some prior experience/knowledge helpful)Define how nature embraces diversity as valueDefine the fascinating relationship between diversity and locational specificity, with data from NatureName three ways we already embrace diversity in our work, as well as ideas to increase the value in diversityDefine at least one way your firm/business can improve value by increasing diversity of staff and talent and set one report-back goal
NYC20-102Moving the Masses toward Timber ConstructionAs members of the AEC industry, it is our responsibility to understand and champion low embodied-carbon building materials. Concurrently, mass timber products such as cross-laminated timber have opened the door to many new opportunities for construction. In January 2019, the International Code Council (ICC) approved a set of proposals to allow tall wood buildings, and the intent of this session is to give attendees the ammunition they need to advocate for mass timber in low-rise to tall structures, navigate codes and standards, and inspire interest/ support from clients, contractors, permitting and approval agencies, community members and beyond. We will hear from four industry experts - a contractor, a structural engineer, a tall wood expert, and a sustainability professional.BENYC20 Sessions9/24/2020 10:30-AM9/24/2020 12:00-PMAlexandra Davis , Ricky McLain , Matthew Tonello , Christopher Williams Adam Watson AIA 1.5 LU/HSW BPI 1.5 hours GBCI BD+C, ID+C 1.5 hours2 (some prior experience/knowledge helpful)Understand the benefits and potential uses of mass timber for high performance buildingsCompare the environmental impact of mass timber construction as opposed to traditional concrete or steel, and understand the principles of procurement to harvest this resource sustainablyDiscuss the barriers to mass timber construction on the East Coast and the tactics to overcome themIdentify key stakeholders, organizations, and commitments which others have taken on to encourage the development of sustainable mass timber applications in the region
NYC20-109New York State’s Path to All-Electric, Carbon-Neutral BuildingsThis session will provide an overview of two groundbreaking clean energy initiatives coming out of NYSERDA: the Carbon Neutral Buildings Roadmap and the Building Electrification Roadmap. These paired documents lay out the vision, recommendations and program planning that will allow New York to (1) rapidly accelerate heat pump adoption for HVAC and hot water solutions through 2030, and (2) overcome the various technical, economic, and behavioral challenges to full decarbonization of the state’s building stock by 2050. Participant interaction will be encouraged via open discussion and virtual polling on some of the Roadmaps’ more surprising findings.BENYC20 Sessions9/24/2020 12:30-PM9/24/2020 1:30-PMGreg Hale , Vanessa Ulmer Jim Sullivan AIA 1.0 LU/HSW BPI 1.0 hour2 (some prior experience/knowledge helpful)Describe New York’s Carbon Neutral Buildings Roadmap and Building Electrification Roadmap, how they can contribute via the draft comment process, and find more information on the process and upcoming Roadmap eventsDescribe the diversity of New York’s building stock and how to prepare their businesses and their buildings to lead in the decarbonization of New York’s building stockApply packages of measures for new construction and existing buildings that can result in carbon neutral-ready buildings, specifically packages for 4 key building types across different typologies & climate zones, based on extensive energy modeling (Single Family, Multifamily, Office, and Higher Education)Compare the relative impacts of operational versus embodied carbon, of decarbonization efforts in existing buildings versus new construction, and the tradeoffs involved in building decarbonization policy and market development initiatives
NYC20-112Using Data to Allocate Time & Capital across a Multi-Family Real Estate PortfolioData-driven decision-making is the process of basing operational and investment decisions on actual data, rather than intuition or observation alone. With an 11,500-unit portfolio stretching across 14 states, we develop operational and design strategies around energy and water usage, costs, and tenant comfort for each building. Our data sources are public, invoice-derived, meter or sensor-derived, along with human observations and interactions, and range from continuous to quarterly. The decision-making drivers are based on sustainability values, investor thresholds, regulatory benchmarks, tenant comfort, property business plans, and capital cycle and constraints. This data-driven process allows us to preemptively identify problems within properties as well as opportunities to improve tenants’ experience and increase net operating income. We’ll show how you can do the same for your properties.BENYC20 Sessions9/24/2020 12:30-PM9/24/2020 1:30-PMKevin Day , Mick Gilbert , Shari Gurkin , Robert Sedaghatpour Robert Sedaghatpour AIA 1.0 LU1 (no prior experience/knowledge needed)Summarize how building data can be used to improve net operating income (NOI) in multi-family properties. Identify building data sources and summarize how to use them to understand your building better Identify challenges and potential problems with data sources Use multiple utility and data management platforms to make better decisions about allocating time and capital. Describe case studies illustrating various data sources, platforms, project sizes, and various results.
NYC20-118Electrifying a 100-Year-Old NYC Pre-War Multifamily BuildingDuring this session you will learn about an important moderate-income multifamily building in New York City that went through a major transformation to electrify its heating and hot water, resulting in dramatic reductions in greenhouse gas emissions. Project stakeholders will review the entire project design process, installation process, highlight lessons learned, and discuss the environmental, energy, and comfort impacts to the building and its occupants. Through an overview of this leading electrification project, learn how to replicate these results while avoiding pitfalls and challenges for this important part of NYC's building stock.BENYC20 Sessions9/24/2020 12:30-PM9/24/2020 1:30-PMJay Best , Jon Hacker , Tom Sahagian Elizabeth Engoren , Jim Koontz AIA 1.0 LU/HSW BPI 1.0 hour GBCI BD+C, ID+C, WELL 1.0 hour1 (no prior experience/knowledge needed)More effectively engage medium size multifamily buildings with a plan to help them cost-effectively electrify by reducing energy costs and greenhouse gas emissionsApply design and installation best practices for electrification projectsUnderstand sizing of heat pumps for heating and coolingArticulate comfort and environmental benefits of electrification projects
NYC20-105A Toxic Investment? Your Building’s Health Begins with Healthy MaterialsLet’s make the multifamily affordable housing synonymous with healthy building construction. Many of us already seek out healthy materials for our projects, and all of us can with the right information. This session will build skills and confidence in healthy material selection, improve our ability to talk about the potential health benefits of high performance construction, and distinguish the myth from the realities of healthy material cost, performance and availability. A nationally recognized expert in healthy building materials will review chemical hazards in building materials, with attention to advancing social equity and healthy re-entry after COVID-19 quarantines are relaxed. One of the nation’s leading experts in sustainable design integration, indoor air quality and energy performance testing will explain how healthy materials enhances your IAQ strategy to enhance human health and wellbeing outcomes, and avoid unintended pitfalls. A leading NYC affordable housing developer will describe how they are integrating rigorous materials screening into their affordable housing projects, creating healthy, high performance homes for all.BENYC20 Sessions9/24/2020 12:30-PM9/24/2020 1:30-PMLauren Hildebrand , Bill Walsh , Lauren Zullo Gwen McLaughlin , Nick Shaw AIA 1.0 LU/HSW BPI 1.0 hour GBCI BD+C, ID+C, O+M, WELL 1.0 hour1 (no prior experience/knowledge needed)Outline reasons for broadening the definition of high performance to include human healthUnderstand the role public health data and social equity play in providing healthy buildingsIdentify health hazards associated with poor IAQ and toxic building materials commonly used in high performance constructionRecognize tools and resources available to promote the design of healthy AND high performance buildings
NYC20-111Unlocking the Value of Retrocommissioning: How to Achieve Energy & Carbon Reduction Goals through Training & CultureEvery successful Retro-Commissioning (retro-cx) project and program includes collaboration with the building’s operating staff. It is critical to foster a culture of trust and engagement with all parties in order to identify, implement, and sustain energy conservation and GHG reduction measures. Drawing on technical examples and lessons learned from real world projects, this session will provide guidance and best practices for working with an onsite operations team as part of the retro-cx process. This session will also help attendees develop training materials that can be used for ongoing cx projects, and showcase examples of how previous award-winning project collaborations have shown significant benefits beyond the attainment of energy and carbon savings.BENYC20 Sessions9/24/2020 1:45-PM9/24/2020 2:45-PMSaverio Grosso Elihu Dietz AIA 1.0 LU/HSW BPI 1.0 hour2 (some prior experience/knowledge helpful)Describe the need to develop trust between RCx experts and building staffDelineate and follow the process to implement a successful training program for RCx projectsDevelop training material for ongoing Cx to ensure identified measure savings are sustainedExplain the benefits of RCx projects that extend beyond energy savings
NYC20-116Refining Refrigerants for the FutureRefrigerants used in building systems have historically been a significant source of greenhouse gas emissions. While eliminating chlorofluorocarbons (CFC’s) and moving towards refrigerants such as R-410a were steps in the right direction, there is still more work to be done. As we evaluate the full global warming potential (GWP) of a building’s life cycle, it is important to consider how different types of refrigerants can contribute to greenhouse gas emissions. This session will explore the GWP of different refrigerants used in common systems such as VRFs,  how to design refrigerant systems for optimal operation & maintenance to reduce leaks, what alternative refrigerants are being developed on the horizon, and the regulatory/engineering hurdles that need to be overcome to implement them.BENYC20 Sessions9/24/2020 1:45-PM9/24/2020 2:45-PMPhilip Johnston , Jamie Kleinberg , Josephine Zurica Andrea Mancino AIA 1.0 LU/HSW BPI 1.0 hour GBCI BD+C, ID+C, O+M 1.0 hour2 (some prior experience/knowledge helpful)Evaluate global warming potential of common refrigerantsExplore design and installation best practices to maintain refrigerant systems and prevent leaksLearn from a refrigerant manufacturer what innovations are on the horizonUnderstand what regulatory and industry hurdles need to be overcome to incorporate future refrigerants
NYC20-103New York Energy Manager: Big Data, Better AnalyticsThe New York Energy Manager (NYEM) gives customers unprecedented insight into their building usage by using real-time data to improve building energy performance, reduce environmental impact, and lower energy bills. NYEM drives insights to improve building energy performance, sustainability, and savings in over 15,000 buildings with 25,000 meters and sensors all over New York State through equipment-level metering, advanced analytics software, and expert advisory services. Join us in our discussion of the use of big data from our customers and learn how they have been utilizing NYEM analytics in the times of the Coronavirus Outbreak.BENYC20 Sessions9/24/2020 1:45-PM9/24/2020 2:45-PMJonathan Hu , Cyril Toussaint Tristan Grant , Monica Ridgway AIA 1.0 LU/HSW BPI 1.0 hour2 (some prior experience/knowledge helpful)Gain insights on data collection by use of submeters (where BMS is not available) and/or BMS data ingestionGain insight into data science concepts and how energy and facility managers can leverage real time dataUnderstand how the NYEM platform can leverage machine learning and AI to reduce workload on facility managers Understand strategies for analyzing historical trends to identify future opportunities for tangible energy and carbon savings
NYC20-106Out of [Site], in the Air: Embodied Carbon & Material SelectionEmbodied Carbon (EC) emissions from the building sector produce 11% of annual global GHG emissions (second to transportation). Embodied carbon, unlike operational carbon, is out of sight, off site, and usually out of mind. As industry professionals, we have a responsibility to work towards a carbon-neutral built environment, and that work starts at design with a focus on the embodied carbon of a building and the materials that comprise it. A panel of professionals including an architect, building product supplier, consultant, and builder will discuss: Setting goals to better understand and raise awareness around EC; industry tools and case studies to understand/calculate/eradicate EC in both new construction and retrofit projects; and efforts to remove (capture/store) carbon from the atmosphere using building materials. The session will conclude with an audience prompt and challenge.BENYC20 Sessions9/24/2020 1:45-PM9/24/2020 2:45-PMJohn Loercher , Carmel Pratt , David Salamon , Nick Shaw Sara Bayer , Ben Fiering AIA 1.0 LU/HSW BPI 1.0 hour GBCI BD+C, ID+C, WELL 1.0 hour1 (no prior experience/knowledge needed)Identify the "hot spots,” the most carbon-intensive material components of a buildingUnderstand how to calculate, compare, and specify materials based on their embodied carbonRecognize opportunities for carbon sequestration in materials and buildingsCreate demand for low/no-carbon building materials through design decisions
NYC20-115Improving Your Project's Material HealthA project’s construction materials can have significant and enduring health effects—not only on the building's occupants, but also on the community where the products are produced and disposed of, and on the people manufacturing and installing them. Our collective experience with COVID-19 has highlighted urgent social justice issues within our supply chains. But where does one start when trying to incorporate healthier materials into a project? And what about the overlap between healthier materials and embodied carbon in products? This comprehensive session emphasizes that with basic understanding, early coordination, and clear communication, every project team can deliver a healthier building. An educator, an architect, and a materials consultant will each offer their unique perspectives and experiences, and will provide attendees with tools for goal-setting, achieving project team buy-in, and addressing opportunities/obstacles on the path to better materials. Panelists will also share data analysis, lessons learned, and proven strategies. Smaller breakout groups will delve deeper into specific actions for implementing healthier materials. BENYC20 Sessions9/24/2020 3:00-PM9/24/2020 4:00-PMAlison Mears , Daniel Piselli , Austin Sakong , Charley Stevenson Gwen McLaughlin , Dorit Ziv AIA 1.0 LU/HSW BPI 1.0 hour GBCI BD+C, ID+C, WELL 1.0 hour1 (no prior experience/knowledge needed)Develop a framework for thinking about healthy material goalsExplain the role contract documents play in establishing healthy materials goalsIdentify key strategies to achieve healthier materials (from three different stakeholder positions)Select target metrics to help guide the process required to achieve healthier materials
NYC20-101New Heat Pump Technologies to the RescueNew innovative heat pump products are entering the New York market in order to help electrify space heating and improve space cooling efficiency. These products are alternatives to traditional split system VRF heat pumps and mini-splits. Our session will provide an overview of four of them: 1) An air-to-water heat pump system that can provide space and water heating to hydronic buildings; 2) a packaged heat pump that mounts inside an exterior wall with a duct penetration to outside; 3) a mini-split that fits in a PTAC sleeve and connects to a wall-mounted air handler; and 4) a DIY-installed window-mounted inverter-driven high efficiency heat pump.BENYC20 Sessions9/24/2020 3:00-PM9/24/2020 4:00-PMJordan Dentz , Evan Hallas Elizabeth Engoren AIA 1.0 LU/HSW BPI 1.0 hour GBCI BD+C, ID+C, WELL 1.0 hour2 (some prior experience/knowledge helpful)Describe four new heat pump systems that can heat water for DHW and space heating in multifamily buildingsEvaluate two PTAC replacement options that provide high efficiency electrification solutionsSummarize research underway to assess the energy, emissions and efficiency of these systems in New YorkCreate demand for low emissions electrification solutions by specifying these products in new and existing buildings
NYC20-107Uncovering the True Cost of Passive House: What We Can Learn from the Early AdoptersHow do we get lenders to fund high-performance construction and developers to drive adoption? With data. While the Passive House design movement has been active in the US and Canada since 1973, it has only recently gained considerable attention in the multifamily affordable housing sector. There are ample rumors and assumptions about the perceived costs and improved performance of Passive House development, but there is relatively little hard data available to demonstrate the benefits it provides, such as: utilities “savings” achieved, maintenance advantages, and the financial and non-financial benefits to tenants. In order to effectively underwrite the utility “savings,” lenders need to understand how Passive House buildings compare to their non-Passive peers. By understanding these key metrics, lenders can begin to develop more aggressive underwriting standards that better reflect real performance to overcome incremental first cost barriers that prevent wider adoption of these principles. In this session, participants will explore operational data and analysis from a study focused on Passive House buildings in the Northeast. The study—a collaboration between the NYC Department of Housing Preservation and Development, Bright Power, Steven Winter Associates, and CPC— works to demystify Passive performance and incremental first costs.BENYC20 Sessions9/24/2020 3:00-PM9/24/2020 4:00-PMJamie Bemis , Jon Braman , Danielle Donnelly , Joanna Grab , Atalia Howe , Jennifer Leone Adam Watson AIA 1.0 LU/HSW PHI 1.0 credit1 (no prior experience/knowledge needed)Understand the real-life economic and energy consumption benefits of Passive House projects and how they compare to buildings built to code in the NortheastAnalyze real Passive House operational data to unlock financing options to cover higher first costsIdentify and address the risk factors when designing to Passive House standardsReview case studies on real Passive House projects and break down performance against a control group of code built buildings